Learn about Gramophone

In the evolution of mechanical music, the gramophone followed the phonograph and the graphophone, each of which was invented in the United States. For the gramophone, the music was recorded on a flat disk, unlike the phonograph and graphophone. However in modern usage, the words "gramophone" and "phonograph" are both sometimes used to describe a gramophone or a gramophone record.

The phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1877, and its major disadvantage was that, as well as the reproduction being poor, each cylinder lasted for only one play.

The graphophone was an improved version of the phonograph and went into commercial production in about 1885. Invented at the Volta Laboratory established by Alexander Graham Bell, it used wax cylinders which lasted for multiple plays. However each cylinder had to be recorded separately, preventing mass reproduction, and also resulting in differences in sound between each.

In 1887, Emile Berliner, a German born American inventor working in Washington patented a successful system of sound recording on a disk, where the sound information was etched into the surface. more...
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An HMV Senior Monarch gramophone in oak case serial number n/a

An HMV Upright Grand Gramophone, model 157 retailed by WH Paling & Co serial number n/a, 98 x 50 x 51 cm, in excellent working order and condition

Vintage His Master's Voice Phonograph, No 103, Bruxelles retailer plaque along with three tins of needles, approx 33 cm high, 41 cm wide, 47 cm deep

HMV 'Studio grand' model gramophone. 112 cm high, 48 cm wide, 55 cm deep

HMV model Tasman no 2, Tabletop hand crank gramophone circa 1927

HMV, Tabletop gramophone circa 1927

HMV, timber case portable gramophone circa 1927

HMV, trumpet gramophone in mahogany case circa 1912 with an impressive orange cone

HMV model 101, portable tabletop gramophone circa 1927

An HMV table Gramophone, retailed by W.H.Paling (Sydney).

His Masters Voice gramophone, with exhibition soundbox and side wind handle, rear mount brass horn of 43 cm diameter, older restoration in working order