Learn about Gramophone

In the evolution of mechanical music, the gramophone followed the phonograph and the graphophone, each of which was invented in the United States. For the gramophone, the music was recorded on a flat disk, unlike the phonograph and graphophone. However in modern usage, the words "gramophone" and "phonograph" are both sometimes used to describe a gramophone or a gramophone record.

The phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1877, and its major disadvantage was that, as well as the reproduction being poor, each cylinder lasted for only one play.

The graphophone was an improved version of the phonograph and went into commercial production in about 1885. Invented at the Volta Laboratory established by Alexander Graham Bell, it used wax cylinders which lasted for multiple plays. However each cylinder had to be recorded separately, preventing mass reproduction, and also resulting in differences in sound between each.

In 1887, Emile Berliner, a German born American inventor working in Washington patented a successful system of sound recording on a disk, where the sound information was etched into the surface. more...
These items are not for sale and the descriptions, images and prices are for reference purposes only.

An American Columbia Graphophone type B, no. 146919, oak case with small black external horn. Columbia Phonograph Co. New York . Length 29.5 cm

A 1930s vintage Columbia Gramophone in mahogany case, the spring wound machine with louvered skirt panel and pull out sliding turntable. Height 81 cm

A vintage Columbia Grafonola Gramophone, in metal case with lizard skin pattern (reproducer deficient). Dimensions 32 cm x 2 cm

A vintage Columbia Gramophone (Grafonola) no.100, Contained in a metal case with red and black lizard skin pattern. Length 32 cm

Columbia '. Viva-Tonal Grafonola'. portable gramophone in black leatherette case, early 20th century. 17 cm high, 30 cm wide, 41 cm deep

Antique oak cased 'Edison' cylinder player by Columbia, New York and London in estate condition, approx 31 cm high, 37 cm wide, 23 cm deep

.