Strictly speaking, a chandelier is any multi-branch ceiling light. But what we understand in popular usage as a chandelier today - a grand ceiling light fitting with many lights and multiple crystal prisms - is the result of a long evolutionary process of this type of light. Originally made in wood as a cross with spikes on which to fix the candles, they were able to be lowered for lighting, and then hoisted to a suitable height by means of a pulley. From the 15th century they were made in a wider variety of materials including brass, wrought iron, gilded wood and silver. By the 18th century, developments in glassmaking allowed for the introduction of prisms in their manufacture, because of their light scattering properties. An elaborate chandelier was a status symbol of the wealthy in the 18th and 19th century and materials now used included bronze and porcelain. Manufacturers of the crystal prisms included famous names in glassmaking such as Baccarat and Waterford. Prestigious English manufacturers of the time included Parker & Perry, of Fleet Street, F.& C. OSLER of London and Birmingham and Maydwell and Windle.
An Art Deco bronze and opalescent glass chandelier, circa 1920s, the tubular and urn form stem to a conical stepped boss issuing six shaped arms each decorated with cast exotic birds and holding large upturned frosted and opalescent dishes embellished with
A fine Art Deco Skyscraper style silvered chandelier, circa 1930, with strong architectural styling, having a faceted ceiling cup and a stepped stem terminating in a conical knop and issuing six shaped arms each with upturned geometrically patterned and fr
A striking Art Deco copper and glass chandelier, circa 1930s, glass shades by Ezan, with a knopped stem to a facet moulded glass dish in rich frosted copper pink with applied geometric shapes and issuing three arched and sled shaped arms supporting upturne
A Georges Leleu French Art Deco silver plated and glass chandelier, the mount supported by six rods above rows of glass beads, the arms supporting eight stepped conical glass shades each stamped G. Leleu, between swags of oval glass balls and strands of si
A fine Art Deco copper and frosted glass chandelier, circa 1945, in the manner of Ezan, the stem comprising three cascading trumpets, two with 'Dripping' icicles, to a lower bowl supporting six shaped arms terminating in frosted and clear glass bowls all w
An Art Deco nickel bronze and frosted glass chandelier, circa 1935, with four squared stems descending from a partly fluted collar leading to a font and four upswept arms with small torch like terminals holding panelled and frosted dishes with clear ice cr
A vintage Murano glass chandelier, of Art Deco style with four scrolling light branches, flower form sconces, with another eight leaf branches all fitting into a matching flower form base, glass ball attached, long glass column leading to matching flower f
A French Art Deco wrought iron chandelier, 1920s, the open stem of four straight rods with a funnel-shaped base supporting four lights on radiating up-swept arms, each with a cup-shaped veined white marble shade, the base decorated with scrolls and tole ro
A French Art Deco chromed metal chandelier 1930s, the stem supporting four down-swept arms, each supporting an upturned light with a glass shade, arranged around a shaped glass centrepiece and decorative braces, all the glass mottled white with silvered hi
A French Sabino Art Deco three branch chandelier, circa 1930, the double conical central pillar set with two tiers of dripping glass icicles above a four branch arms leading to iridescent stylised icicle shades, signed de Ezan for Sabino. Height 75 cm. Len
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