There are several distinct types of sideboard. The Georgian sideboard was a long narrow table, fitted with cutlery drawers and cellaret cupboards, used as a serving table in dining rooms. Most examples are at least five feet long.
Although sideboards date from the mid-18th century, their development is usually associated with the designs of Sheraton. Sideboards may be straight fronted, curved at either end, or sometimes have a recessed breakfront. The latter was partly to lighten the effect of a large piece of furniture and partly, writes Sheraton, 'to secure the butler from the jostles of the other servants'.
The central portion of the sideboard, beneath the long drawer, was usually arched with semicircular lunettes, either carved or often strung. The legs were sometimes turned, but more generally were tapered, often standing on spade or block feet. Georgian sideboards always have six legs one at each corner, one on either side of the central recess. Four legged sideboards were not introduced until the second decade of the 19th century. more...Sideboards were usually made of well-figured mahogany or, in Australia, cedar or beefwood veneer, though very few colonial examples appear to have survived. They were sometimes cross banded, strung and inlaid with decorative panels of contrasting timber.
Another type of sideboard appeared in the late 19th century, based more or less on the Renaissance revival forms associated with designers Talbert and Eastlake. It consisted of a two-door cupboard, usually panelled and carved, with a mirrored back, containing shelves and a hutched or overhanging cornice, supported by turned or carved columns.
There are many variants, but the lines and angles were much squarer, handles were often of pressed metal alloy, and by the time the sideboard reached its full Edwardian flowering, it often boasted broken or swan-neck pediments, reeded and fluted decorations, and shallow machine-made carvings of shells, rosettes and other foliage.
The style continued to be made in mahogany, oak, maple, pine or cedar until after the first world war. During the 1920s, and under the influence of the modern movement, furniture forms became much simpler and less cluttered, taking on the characteristics pioneered by the Arts and Crafts designers a third of a century before. It should always be remembered that it may take a generation before an original design, breaking with tradition, becomes fully established in popular taste.
From around 1900 the size of sideboards began to decrease, in order to fit the smaller dining rooms of the day, although this example would still require a substantial room to display it properly.
A Charles II oak court cupboard (likely Welsh) 17th century and later the upper section having carved relief frieze with three door cupboard between two turned balustrade supports the lower section with two drawers over two door cupboard with similar relie
George III oak sideboard, c. 1780, the frieze with three drawers, above three further drawers, flanked by cupboards, raised on bracket feet, height 93 cm width 183 cm depth 50 cm. Provenance: Auchinachie Antiques, Woollahra, NSW
A Georgian mahogany clothes press, early 19th century, in vividly figured mahogany, having a shaped cornice and two cupboard doors opening to a series of slides, the lower section with two half width and three long oak lined drawers with turned timber hand
A French oak, walnut Renaissance revival sideboard, 19th century, with an extended pediment and a relief carved dart border above mirrored sections and a shelf with supports, frieze drawers and cupboards below with shaped extended panels, burr and ebonised
An Aesthetic movement, Gillows & Co oak sideboard c.1890 - 1903, having two single door side cupboards with three central drawers with shelves lower the top back section having single full length shelf with balustrade pediment stamped with 'Gillows
A fine Queensland Exhibition sideboard in mixed timbers, 19th century, in yellow-wood, blackbean, silky oak, curly kauri pine, walnut, having an arched and glazed display cabinet crested with carved fruits, foliage, and an eagle mounted above a clock, the
An early 20th century Arts & Crafts sideboard in English oak, carved & fluted panelling to doors & sides, bracket plinth foot, original shaped bevelled mirror, overall very good condition, 195 x 154 x 59 cm
An antique French oak credence in the Gothic manner, later 19th century, an architectural cornice above a cupboard with arrow point hinges and a steel lock flanked by panels relief carved with knight and monk style figures within arched Gothic niches, an o
A fine Louis XIV style oak breakfront buffet, 20th century, in light honey tones of serpentine profile with two central drawers above cupboards, similar full length cupboards to the sides, all with fielded panels and foliate relief carved details, a shaped
Victorian oak sideboard the back with swan neck pediment, centred by a cabochon shield, two open shelves with scroll and acanthus supports, the base with two frieze drawers and cupboard enclosed by doors, applied in high relief with dead game birds
A small two tone oak Louis XIV style buffet, early to mid 20th century, the shaped top with a channel and bullnose edge above a single drawer and an open compartment above a large and small cupboard with blonde oak panels, a shaped apron and raised on shor
A French provincial style sideboard in oak, two large cupboards flanking two bow fronted drawers and a small cupboard, the doors with inset panels surmounted with floral carving. Parquet top. Height 216 cm Depth 57 cm length 215 cm, .
A Louis XIV style provincial oak cupboard, early 20th century, with a plain top above a single cupboard with a faux drawer, shaped fielded panel and with long brass hinges, with curved edges, a channel edged curvaceous apron and short cabriole legs. Height
A provincial Louis XV style oak sideboard, early 20th century, of breakfront profile with a parquetry serpentine shaped top with a pair of central drawers and cupboard flanked by large cupboards all with fielded panels and foliate embellishments, raised on
An English oak hall cupboard, in the 16th century style But 19th century, with linenfold mouldings and Gothic architrave and armorial mouldings in relief, iron fittings, the inset panelled interior with later hanging rail installed, 96 width x 52 depth x 1
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