George Baxter (1804-1867) developed the Baxter colour printing process, which gained international renown. After serving as an apprentice to a wood-engraver, he dedicated eight years to perfecting his technique. In 1829, Baxter produced his first colour print titled "Butterflies."
Baxter's process involved combining an engraved metal plate with up to twenty engraved wooden blocks. Each block was printed separately in a distinct colour, using a combination of intaglio and relief techniques. The resulting prints were of excellent quality yet affordable, leading to their widespread production. Baxter prints found their way into various applications, such as notepaper, pocket-books, decorated music sheets, needle cases, and book illustrations.
In recognition of his innovative process, Baxter was granted a royal patent in 1835 (Patent No. 6916 - Improvements in Producing Coloured Steel Plate, Copper Plate and other Impressions). The patent remained in effect from 1835 to 1854. In the final years more...
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