In the evolution of mechanical music, the gramophone followed the phonograph and the graphophone, each of which was invented in the United States. For the gramophone, the music was recorded on a flat disk, unlike the phonograph and graphophone. However in modern usage, the words "gramophone" and "phonograph" are both sometimes used to describe a gramophone or a gramophone record.
The phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1877, and its major disadvantage was that, as well as the reproduction being poor, each cylinder lasted for only one play.
The graphophone was an improved version of the phonograph and went more...
His Master's Voice (HMV) is a brand name used by a number of different companies, but it originated with the British Gramophone Company in the early 20th century. The company was founded in 1897 by William Barry Owen and Trevor Williams, and it quickly became one of the leading manufacturers of gramophones and phonographs in the world.
In 1902, the company began using the trademark of a dog listening to a gramophone, which became known as the "His Master's Voice" (HMV) logo. The image was based on a painting by Francis Barraud, which he created after seeing his more...
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