Cloisonne is an enamelling technique in which the pattern is formed by wires soldered to the surface of the object to be decorated, which is usually made from copper, forming cells or cloisons, each of which holds a single colour of enamel paste which is then fired, and ground and polished. The champleve technique also uses an enamelling technique, but the cells are formed by carving into the surface ot the object, or in the casting. The cloisonne technique has been in use since the 12th century BC in the west, but the technique did not reach China until the 13th or 14th century. It became popular in China in the 18th century. Initially bronze or brass bodies were used, and in the 19th century copper, at which time the quality of th eitems produced began to decline. Chinese cloisonné is the best known enamel cloisonné, though the Japanese produced large quantities from the mid-19th century, of very high technical quality. In the west the cloisonne technique was revived in the mid 19th century following imports from China, and its use continued in the Art Nouveau and Art Deco periods.
A Chinese cloisonne vase, mid 20th century, the high shouldered baluster vase with a waisted neck and base, decorated with peony flowers in ombre colours upon a diaper wire work blue ground; with Jianding wax mark underside, height 32.5 cm
A Japanese cloisonne vase, Taisho period (1912-1926), circa 1925, of tall tapering form, silver rims and the pattern of fruit and flowers in gold and silver wire on an akasuke (pigeon or oxblood) enamel ground. Engraved mark of Ando Co., 24.5 cm high
A large Champleve bronze vase, the front and reverse with a panel in cloisonne enamel on a gilt ground, 20th century, of red crested cranes, decorated in a continuous scroll pattern in champleve in elaborate stylized lotus scrolls with flower heads and cur
Magnificent and fine pair of Chinese cloisonne vases, with lobed necks, above a lobed baluster body, beautifully decorated with shou motifs surrounded by Wu-Fu (five Bats), above double Yu (fish), surrounded a ground of lotus scroll in strong tones of red,
An antique Chinese cloisonne bowl, Qing Dynasty, 19th century, the brass bowl centred with a roundel of two deity figures including an ascetic, and a broad border of lotus blooms and leaves, the exterior with similar flora, auspicious Buddhist objects and
An antique Japanese wire work cloisonne porcelain vase and a Chinese cloisonne box, Meiji period, 19th century, and after, an ovoid vase with a waisted foot, decorated with flora, butterflies and patterned borders on a brown olive ground, an underglaze blu
A Chinese 'dragon'-handle cloisonne vase, hu, Jingtai four-character incised mark, late Qing to Republic period, 18.3 cm high. Provenance: Western Australia private collection, acquired in Peking in the 1960s-70s, hence by descent (by repute)
Ando Jubei Moriage vase of rounded rectangular tapered form encircled with a design of fish swimming below flowering lillies against a pale grey ground. Of cloisonne enamels with silver mounts. The design executed in moriage relief, with silver wire, as we
A Chinese cloisonne vase, a high shouldered and lobed bulbous vase with wireworked stylised flowers in colours with green scrollwork upon a turquoise ground, with ruyi borders to the base and to the petite neck; bearing a bordered Kangxi mark in relief und
A mirror pair of very large cloisonne vases with Buddhist subjects. Chinese pair of very large mirror image cloisonne baluster vases on custom wooden stands. The body of the vases has depictions of the eighteen disciples of the Buddha (Luohans) who are sai
A large Chinese cloisonne vase, Qing Dynasty, late 19th century, the baluster vase with a waisted carinate collar and neck, with a broad rollover rim and a waisted lower section, with applied ring handles with butterfly mounts, the body part decorated with
A Chinese cloisonne ' Yuhuchun ' vase, early 20th century, decorated with peony, plum blossom and chrysanthemum motifs, gilt copper mounts, 31.6 cm high, with old stand. Provenance: Private old Melbourne collection
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