The Schoenau & Hoffmeister porcelain factory was founded in 1901 by Arthur Schoenau and Carl Hoffmeister in Burggrub, Germany near Kronach, Bavaria. The company made dolls from 1901 to 1953. The two partners had different ideas about the type of porcelain heads for their dolls. Hoffmeister insisted on producing shoulder head dolls, while Schoenau wanted to produce socket head dolls. Unable to resolve their differences, Carl Hoffmeister left the company in 1907 and Arthur Schoenau became the sole owner.
In 1911, Arthur Schoenau passed away and his son Hans Schoenau took over as director of the company. Sometime later, Arthur's widow Caroline and son Curt Schoenau took over the directorship. Schoenau & Hoffmeister dolls were known for their high quality and realistic features. They were often dressed in regional costumes. The company made a wide variety of dolls, including bisque head dolls, composition dolls, and celluloid dolls.
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