The Australian Federation was established on January 1, 1901, marking the official union of the six colonies of Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania. The federation was the result of decades of political and social debate, and it marked a significant milestone in the country's history.
The process of federation began in the 1890s, when a series of constitutional conventions were held to draft a constitution for a united Australia. The final version of the constitution was approved in 1899 and was subsequently put to a series of referendums in each of the colonies. The referenda were successful, and on January 1, 1901, the Australian Constitution came into effect.
Under the new constitution, Australia became a federal parliamentary democracy, with a bicameral parliament consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The constitution also established a federal system of government, with certain more...
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