The Australian Federation was established on January 1, 1901, marking the official union of the six colonies of Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania. The federation was the result of decades of political and social debate, and it marked a significant milestone in the country's history.

The process of federation began in the 1890s, when a series of constitutional conventions were held to draft a constitution for a united Australia. The final version of the constitution was approved in 1899 and was subsequently put to a series of referendums in each of the colonies. The referenda were successful, and on January 1, 1901, the Australian Constitution came into effect.

Under the new constitution, Australia became a federal parliamentary democracy, with a bicameral parliament consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The constitution also established a federal system of government, with certain more...

50 items found:

These items have been sold, and the description, image and price are for reference purposes only.

Two King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Coronation commemorative…

King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Coronation Cups

Two King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Coronation commemorative cups, May 1937, British Pottery Manufactures Federation, height 8.5-10.5 cm

Rare antique Doulton Burslem Australian Federation vase 1901,…

Antique Doulton Burslem Australian Federation Vase 1901

Rare antique Doulton Burslem Australian Federation vase 1901, 13 cm high, 12 cm diameter

Socceroos: '2010 Qantas Socceroos: the Pride of Australia'…

Limited Edition Signed Socceroos 2010 Squad Display

Socceroos: '2010 Qantas Socceroos: the Pride of Australia' limited edition framed & glazed display, featuring Socceroos team shirt signed by members of the 2010 Socceroos squad, with images of all the players alongside, numbered 173/250, football…

Souvenir of the Federation of Australia', first January 1901…

Federation of Australia Souvenir 1901

Souvenir of the Federation of Australia', first January 1901 (Melbourne 1899)

'Souvenir of the Federation of Australia 1st January, 1901'…

Australia Federation Souvenir Booklet 1901

'Souvenir of the Federation of Australia 1st January, 1901' booklet featuring the six state Costs-of-Arms and Queen Victoria on the front cover; a map, photographs of the Duke & Duchess of York, Lord & lady Hopetoun and other dignitaries as well as views…

Doulton Burslem Australian Federation vase, of cylindrical form…

Australian Federation vase with Royal Sepia Transfer-Prints

Doulton Burslem Australian Federation vase, of cylindrical form with a flared rim and, with sepia transfer-prints of Queen Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, Lord Hopetoun and Sir Henry Parkes, with floral borders, height 12.5 cm

Wedgwood limited edition 'Festivity Bowl' Australia Centenary…

Limited Edition Festivity Bowl by Wedgwood for Australia's Centenary

Wedgwood limited edition 'Festivity Bowl' Australia Centenary of Federation issue, Jasper Collection, in original packaging, diameter 20 cm

Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation, 1901' commemorative…

Doulton Burslem Australian Federation Jardiniere

Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation, 1901' commemorative porcelain jardiniere, stamped 'Doulton Burslem, England, 13 cm high, 13 cm wide

Royal Doulton 'Federation Bunnykins' figure DB224, Limited…

Limited Edition Royal Doulton Bunnykins Figure with Certificate

Royal Doulton 'Federation Bunnykins' figure DB224, Limited edition, # 1921/2500, height 12 cm with Certificate.

A printed Federation commemorative flag, with the Union Jack,…

Federation Commemorative Flag with Royal Figures, 1901

A printed Federation commemorative flag, with the Union Jack, blue cross and stars, and Queen Victoria, Lord Hopetoun, and the Duke & Duchess of York to the other corners, framed, circa 1901, 72 x 48 cm

A marble relief portrait of Alfred Deakin, in profile looking…

Alfred Deakin Marble Relief Portrait in Circular Frame

A marble relief portrait of Alfred Deakin, in profile looking to the left, in a circular ebonised frame, early 20th century, diameter including frame 43 cm. Other Notes: Alfred Deakin (1856-1919) served as the second Prime Minister of Australia. He was a…

Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' fern pot, c.1900, with…

Sepia Transferware Fern Pot with Queen Victoria Design

Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' fern pot, c.1900, with sepia transferware design featuring Queen Victoria flanked by soldiers and medallions of Duke and Duchesses, slight a/f, height 12.5 cm

2001 Centenary of Federation Medal: Named on reverse 'Graham…

Graham Farmer's Centenary of Federation Medal and Memorabilia

2001 Centenary of Federation Medal: Named on reverse 'Graham Farmer', together with miniature in presentation case, plus Certificate with facsimile signatures of Prime Minister John Howard & Governor-General Peter Hollingworth; plus letters and booklet…

Royal Doulton Federation bunnykins figurine Ltd edition with…

Limited Edition Royal Doulton Bunnykins Figurine with Certificates

Royal Doulton Federation bunnykins figurine Ltd edition with box and certificates - made in England

Federation Australian Commonwealth Celebration Government of…

Federation Celebration Invitation and Thank You Letter

Federation Australian Commonwealth Celebration Government of Victoria illuminated invitation to Mr Arthur Parker and Lady, Tuesday 7th of May, 1901 (21 x 28 cm). Together with an associated thank you letter from the Government of Victoria, 18th Sept. 1899…

Port Melbourne Cricket Club: 1914 gilt titled & decorated…

1914 Testimonial to Hon F.T. Derham from Cricket Club

Port Melbourne Cricket Club: 1914 gilt titled & decorated leather bound testimonial to 'The Hon F.T. Derham', the internal dedication with attractive hand-painted floral borders, minor edge wear & some light internal spotting, very fine condition overall,…

1901 Federation Invitation to The Royal Review at Flemington on…

1901 Royal Review Invitation at Flemington

1901 Federation Invitation to The Royal Review at Flemington on 10th May 1901, small tape mark at top.

A Doulton Burslem 1901 Australian Federation cup, crazing &…

Doulton Burslem 1901 Australian Federation Cup with Crazing

A Doulton Burslem 1901 Australian Federation cup, crazing & discolouration, 10 cm

Edmund Barton: display comprising signature on foxed piece,…

Edmund Barton Commemorative Display

Edmund Barton: display comprising signature on foxed piece, window mounted with photograph (Barton is at the left) & 1901 Federation Farthing, framed & glazed, overall 31 x 41 cm. Sir Edmund Barton was the first Prime Minister of Australia.

Doulton Burslem Federation jug, of tapering cylindrical form,…

Doulton Burslem Federation Jug with Queen and Soldiers Image

Doulton Burslem Federation jug, of tapering cylindrical form, decorated with an image of the Queen, flanked by soldiers and wording 'May the Union between the Colonies and the mother land now cemented by their blood and ever maintained', a/f, height 18.5…

Doulton Australian Federation jug, Decorated with portrait of…

Doulton Australian Federation Jug with Royal Portraits

Doulton Australian Federation jug, Decorated with portrait of Queen Victoria, and 'Australian Federation 1901.' Also portraits in cartouches, of Edward VII and Henry Parkes. Marked to base 'Doulton Burslem.' Height 17.5 cm

(Wool Industry), Electric sheep shearing machinery in Australia:…

Electric Sheep Shearing in Australia, Early 1900s

(Wool Industry), Electric sheep shearing machinery in Australia: a photographic archive, early 1900s. Electric sheep shearing was introduced into Australia in the 1880s, and by the end of World War I traditional shearing methods had been all but abandoned…

Australian Federation photo album that records the visit of The…

Royal Visit 1901: Australian Federation Photo Album

Australian Federation photo album that records the visit of The Duke and Duchess of Cornwell and York in May 1901, contains 19 albumen prints

Set of six sterling silver Australian state medals., 75th…

Set of Sterling Silver State Medals in Timber Frame

Set of six sterling silver Australian state medals., 75th Anniversary of Federation reverse coat of arms Obverse map of the state & floral emblem, mounted in timber frame

Copeland Transvaal War/ Imperial Federation, loving cup,…

Transvaal War Loving Cup with Britannia and Queen Victoria

Copeland Transvaal War/ Imperial Federation, loving cup, decorated with roundels of Britannia, Queen Victoria, soldiers and flags, height 14.5 cm

Two Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' fern pots, circa…

Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' Fern Pots, 1900

Two Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' fern pots, circa 1900 designed by John Slater and John Shorter, with green and sepia transfer designs featuring Queen Victoria flanked by soldiers, medallions of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, and…

A Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' jardiniere, circa…

Victorian-inspired Australian Federation Jardiniere by Doulton Burslem

A Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' jardiniere, circa 1900 designed by John Slater and John Shorter, with a sepia transfer featuring Queen Victoria flanked by soldiers, and medallions of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, and Lord Hopetoun…

Australian Federation Celebrations, A collection of five…

Australian Federation Celebrations Souvenir Invitations

Australian Federation Celebrations, A collection of five souvenir invitations to various events associated with the Celebrations for the Opening of the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia in Melbourne. The invitations are all inscribed to 'Mr Neil…

Doulton & Co, Burslem, an Australian Federation 1901…

Australian Federation 1901 Commemorative Ware Jardiniere by Doulton & Co

Doulton & Co, Burslem, an Australian Federation 1901 Commemorative Ware jardiniere, printed with a profile portrait of Queen Victoria in a wreath framed by two British soldiers, the Duke and Duchess of York, Earl of Hopetoun and Sir Henry Parkes,…

Doulton Burslem, a commemorative jug and two pots, 'Australian…

Doulton Burslem Australian Federation Commemorative Jug and Pots

Doulton Burslem, a commemorative jug and two pots, 'Australian Federation 1901', Stamped Doulton Burslem, England, the jug 17.5 cm high, the pots 13 cm high

Early Sydney themed glass slides with a large sequence showing…

Early Sydney Glass Slides: Inauguration Day and City Life, 1901

Early Sydney themed glass slides with a large sequence showing Inauguration day celebrations in George Street, Centennial Park, Sydney Harbour, the Showground these often marked 'HN 1' to 53, the photograph noted by institutions as unknown Photographer,…

1901 Federation: Souvenir Invitation, 'In Celebration of the…

1901 Federation Souvenir Invitation for Royal Reception in Melbourne

1901 Federation: Souvenir Invitation, 'In Celebration of the Opening, Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia/ To meet Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall & York/ His Majesty's Ministers of State for Australia, have the honour to…

1901 Federation Ceremonies: Collection with invitations (3) -…

1901 Federation Ceremonies Collection

1901 Federation Ceremonies: Collection with invitations (3) - Inaugural Celebrations Sydney, Swearing of Governor-General Earl of Hopetoun & Pyrotechnical Illumination of Sydney Harbour; 'Inaugural Celebrations at Sydney, Official Programme'; photos (5)…

1880-1900 Australian Federation: Collection including 1899…

Collection of Australian Federation Memorabilia

1880-1900 Australian Federation: Collection including 1899 'Federation Yes!' ribbon (illustrated in Wikipedia); 1899-1900 two House of Commons Bills bound as a book - 'A Bill to Constitute the Commonwealth of Australia' & 'A Bill [As Amended in Committee]…

Doulton Burslem beaker 'Australian Federation 1901'. 10 cm

Doulton Burslem Beaker: Australian Federation 1901

Doulton Burslem beaker 'Australian Federation 1901'. 10 cm

An Australian Federation commemorative beaker made by Royal…

Australian Commemorative Pottery Collection

An Australian Federation commemorative beaker made by Royal Doulton, 1901, together with a similar restored beaker and an Advance Australia decorated jug, the beaker 10 cm high, the jug 12.5 cm high

Sir Henry Parkes (1815-96, Australian politician, called 'The…

Sir Henry Parkes' Signed Envelope to Rev. W. Dalton

Sir Henry Parkes (1815-96, Australian politician, called 'The Father of Federation'), Nice Signature on Envelope Addressed to Rev.W.Dalton at Government House

Centenary of Federation wine. Centenary red vintage 1999.…

Centenary Red Wine 1999 by Southcorp Wines

Centenary of Federation wine. Centenary red vintage 1999. Blended by Southcorp Wines for the National wine Foundation. Bottle no. 39062. 1.5 Litres.

1901 Federation photographs of the Royal Visit. Double sided on…

1901 Royal Visit Federation Photographs

1901 Federation photographs of the Royal Visit. Double sided on grey mount card, all captioned. Each photograph 23.5 x 28.5 cm. Showing scenes of Arches, Illuminated City Buildings, 'German, Russian, Dutch and American cruisers at Port Melbourne', 'Royal…

1901 Federation: Red cloth book with gilt title 'Commonwealth…

Commonwealth Celebrations Souvenir Invitations 1901

1901 Federation: Red cloth book with gilt title 'Commonwealth Celebrations, Melbourne. Souvenir Invitations, May, 1901', containing fi ve Souvenir Invitaions, all filled in for (Mr & Mrs H. Luke). The souvenir invitations are (A) Opening of the Parliament…

A Doulton Burslem Australian Federation 1901 commemorative…

Doulton Burslem Australian Federation Commemorative Plate

A Doulton Burslem Australian Federation 1901 commemorative plate, designed by J. Slater and J. Shorter, 25 cm diameter

A Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' earthenware…

Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' Jardiniere

A Doulton Burslem 'Australian Federation' earthenware jardiniere, by John Slater and Doulton's Australian agent, John Shorter, circa 1900, of typical form with sepia transfer-prints featuring images of Queen Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and…

Good antique Doulton Burslem Federation tea pot 1901

Antique Doulton Burslem Tea Pot (1901)

Good antique Doulton Burslem Federation tea pot 1901

Good antique Doulton Burslem Federation jardiniere 1901

Antique Doulton Burslem Jardiniere 1901

Good antique Doulton Burslem Federation jardiniere 1901

1901 Federation: Souvenir Invitation, 'In Celebration of the…

1901 Federation Celebration Invitation for Capt. & Mrs. Davis

1901 Federation: Souvenir Invitation, 'In Celebration of the Opening, Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia/ to Meet their Royal Highnesses, the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall & York/ His Majesty?s Ministers of State for Australia, have the honour to…

1901 Federation: invitation, 'His Majesty's Ministers of State…

Federation Invitation for Capt. and Mrs. Davis

1901 Federation: invitation, 'His Majesty's Ministers of State For the Commonwealth of Australia, Request the Honour of the Presence of (Capt.W.Davis and Mrs Davis) in the Exhibition Building, Melbourne, on Thursday, 9th May, 1901, to Witness the Opening…

A pair of Royal Doulton cylindrical vases commemorating…

Australian Federation Commemorative Royal Doulton Vases

A pair of Royal Doulton cylindrical vases commemorating 'Australian Federation 1901.', including depictions of the father of Federation Sir Henry Parkes, the Duke and Duchess of York and the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall. Height 12.5 cm

1901 Federation: invitation, 'His Majesty's Ministers of state…

Invitation to Witness Opening of Australian Parliament in 1901

1901 Federation: invitation, 'His Majesty's Ministers of state for the Commonwealth of Australia, Request the Honor of the Presence of (Capt.W.Davis & Mrs Davis) in the Exhibition Building, Melbourne, on Thursday, 9th May, 1901, to Witness the opening of…

1901 Federation: Invitation, 'Opening of the Parliament of the…

Federation Opening Invitation

1901 Federation: Invitation, 'Opening of the Parliament of the Commonwealth, By his Royal Highness The Duke of Cornwall and York/ The Government of Victoria requests the honor of the presence of [Captain W.Davis & Mrs Davis], At the Celebrations in…

1901 Federation: 'Programme of Celebrations, During the Visit…

1901 Federation Celebration Programme

1901 Federation: 'Programme of Celebrations, During the Visit of Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, from the 6th to the 16th of May 1901, For the Opening of the First Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia' [Melbourne,…