Cloisonne is an enamelling technique in which the pattern is formed by wires soldered to the surface of the object to be decorated, which is usually made from copper, forming cells or cloisons, each of which holds a single colour of enamel paste which is then fired, and ground and polished. The champleve technique also uses an enamelling technique, but the cells are formed by carving into the surface ot the object, or in the casting. The cloisonne technique has been in use since the 12th century BC in the west, but the technique did not reach China until the 13th or 14th century. It became popular in China in the 18th century. Initially bronze or brass bodies were used, and in the 19th century copper, at which time the quality of th eitems produced began to decline. Chinese cloisonné is the best known enamel cloisonné, though the Japanese produced large quantities from the mid-19th century, of very high technical quality. In the west the cloisonne technique was revived in the mid 19th century following imports from China, and its use continued in the Art Nouveau and Art Deco periods.
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A cloisonne & gilt rectangular snuff bottle, Qianlong four character and, probably of the period, 1736-1795, decorated on both sides with a crane and deer, each side and the stopper with a lotus spray, the nreign mark incised on a gilt base, 7 cm high.
A twin cloisonne enamel snuff bottle, of flat circular shape, Qing dynasty, with symbols of longevity on a green ground with brass wires, a spotted deer & crane. Provenance: private South African collection. Height 6 cm
A Chinese cloisonne snuff bottle. The cushion-shaped circular snuff with a small oval foot rim and four lugs to the sides, decorated in colours upon a turquoise ground with matching figural narrative scenes to roundels surrounded by tendril decoration. Hei
A fine Chinese double gourd cloisonne snuff bottle. Late Qing Dynasty, late 19th century, the cushion shaped bottle with a domed stopper, well decorated to shaped reserves with red crested cranes in a landscape setting, and upon a finely decorated flower e
Five Chinese cloisonne snuff bottles, 19th/ 20th century 7 cm, 7 cm, 6 cm, 8.5 cm, 8 cm (5). Provenance: Purchased at Lawson's and Grays Auction in Australia and Treasure Auctions in HK in the late 1980s and early 1990s Lawson's and Grays Auction
A glass overlay snuff bottles and an agate snuff bottle, one overlaid in blue with cloisonne collar and coral stopper the agate applied with mother of pearl and hard stone motifs enamel worn 6.5 cm high
A good rare cloisonne snuff bottle of rounded rectangular form, 19th century, decorated all over with floral pattern around two side panels depicting a dragon amongst clouds. Domed stopper with copper spoon. Height 7.4 cm
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