Strictly speaking, a chandelier is any multi-branch ceiling light. But what we understand in popular usage as a chandelier today - a grand ceiling light fitting with many lights and multiple crystal prisms - is the result of a long evolutionary process of this type of light. Originally made in wood as a cross with spikes on which to fix the candles, they were able to be lowered for lighting, and then hoisted to a suitable height by means of a pulley. From the 15th century they were made in a wider variety of materials including brass, wrought iron, gilded wood and silver. By the 18th century, developments in glassmaking allowed for the introduction of prisms in their manufacture, because of their light scattering properties. An elaborate chandelier was a status symbol of the wealthy in the 18th and 19th century and materials now used included bronze and porcelain. Manufacturers of the crystal prisms included famous names in glassmaking such as Baccarat and Waterford. Prestigious English manufacturers of the time included Parker & Perry, of Fleet Street, F.& C. OSLER of London and Birmingham and Maydwell and Windle.
An ornate vintage patinated brass and cut glass chandelier, the main tier of eight lobes with cast scroll decoration and stiff leaf pediment fronting the light sconces, four further lights extend from the stem, six tiers of multiple pendant drops extend be
A French Gothic wrought iron eight branch chandelier, circa 1880, the circular body with geometric pattern holding the eight twist branches topped with cut glass shades, the centre fitted with a single light with in swept supports rising to a Crown top. He
A 19th century cut glass and gilt metal eight light chandelier, of tent and waterfall form, the lambrequin canopy above chains of drops descending to a frame with cornucopia arms and thistle candle sconces, the base with rings of tapered drops, 122 cm drop
A late Georgian style cut and moulded glass eight branch chandelier, circa 1840. In the manner of Perry, the fine quality chandelier with moulded glass stem and branches profusely draped with cut glass drops. Purchased from William Bedford, London, 1988 fo
A late 18th century cut glass eight branch chandelier probably by Perry, the vase shape cross-hatched stem issuing eight S-pattern arms (one restored) with shaped moulded drip pans above a cross-hatched bowl (restored) and a multifaceted cone, the corona w
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