Cloisonne is an enamelling technique in which the pattern is formed by wires soldered to the surface of the object to be decorated, which is usually made from copper, forming cells or cloisons, each of which holds a single colour of enamel paste which is then fired, and ground and polished. The champleve technique also uses an enamelling technique, but the cells are formed by carving into the surface ot the object, or in the casting. The cloisonne technique has been in use since the 12th century BC in the west, but the technique did not reach China until the 13th or 14th century. It became popular in China in the 18th century. Initially bronze or brass bodies were used, and in the 19th century copper, at which time the quality of th eitems produced began to decline. Chinese cloisonné is the best known enamel cloisonné, though the Japanese produced large quantities from the mid-19th century, of very high technical quality. In the west the cloisonne technique was revived in the mid 19th century following imports from China, and its use continued in the Art Nouveau and Art Deco periods.
A pair of Chinese cloisonne vases 20th century, each of baluster form, with foliate enamelled decoration on a gilt brass ground, rising to a domed cover and a fo dog finial, together with a carved wooden stand, total height 33 cm
A pair of cloisonne vases, Meiji period, each of elegant ovoid form tapering to a narrow neck and splayed foot and set with two hooked strap handles, the sides with an aventurine ground panel of ho-o birds and a pale turquoise ground panel of flowers reser
A cloisonne enamel Gu-shaped vase, Qing Dynasty, 19th century, of archaistic fangu form, the turquoise blue ground with kui dragons, phoenix above taotie, and plantain lappets, all divided by vertical notched flanges, the interior with stylized lotus scrol
A Japanese black cloisonne vase by Ando, taisho period (1912 - 1926), the short waisted neck above a high shoulder and tapering body, the rim and foot mounted in polished white metal, with two flying cranes in white and colours to one, the metal foot stamp
A Japanese wireless green cloisonne vase by Ando, the short waisted neck above a high shoulder and tapering body, the rim and foot mounted in polished white metal, with a soft floral and foliate design in white below the shoulder, unmarked. Height 21.5 cm
A fine Japanese cloisonne vase, decorated with irises on a dark cobalt blue ground, tapering cylindrical shape raised on a short stem and spreading circular foot, and with a small neck and ring mouth decorated with a stylised floral design. Height 24 cm
A Japanese Namikawa Yasuyuki cloisonne covered vase Meiji period (1868-1912), signed Kyoto Namikawa, the spherical footed body with a small domed cover and floral finial displaying fine silver wire cloisonne to the exterior and with silver collar and foot,
A Japanese square baluster vase, circa 1920, the porcelain body decorated with inlayed cloisonne images of butterflies and birds among the flowers, the waisted shoulder and flared rim set with a black band with stylized flower head medallions. Height 28.5
A cloisonne enamel vase, Qing Dynasty, 19th century, the six lobed sides decorated in coloured enamels with scattered flower sprigs and butterflies in flight, reserved on the turquoise wire diaper ground, mounted with a European gilt metal base on four lio
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