Cloisonne is an enamelling technique in which the pattern is formed by wires soldered to the surface of the object to be decorated, which is usually made from copper, forming cells or cloisons, each of which holds a single colour of enamel paste which is then fired, and ground and polished. The champleve technique also uses an enamelling technique, but the cells are formed by carving into the surface ot the object, or in the casting. The cloisonne technique has been in use since the 12th century BC in the west, but the technique did not reach China until the 13th or 14th century. It became popular in China in the 18th century. Initially bronze or brass bodies were used, and in the 19th century copper, at which time the quality of th eitems produced began to decline. Chinese cloisonné is the best known enamel cloisonné, though the Japanese produced large quantities from the mid-19th century, of very high technical quality. In the west the cloisonne technique was revived in the mid 19th century following imports from China, and its use continued in the Art Nouveau and Art Deco periods.
A Japanese Ginbari cloisonne vase, Showa period, second half 20th century, a waisted baluster vase with silvered mounts, with a finely wired prunus blossom branch and bamboo upon a translucent patterned red foil ground; unmarked. Height 18.5 cm
A small Japanese Ginbari cloisonne vase, Showa period, second half 20th century, a waisted baluster vase with silvered mounts, with a finely wired white prunus blossom branch and bamboo upon a translucent patterned red foil ground, unmarked. Height 12 cm
A Japanese cloisonne vase, Meiji to Taisho period, early 20th century, with maker's mark of Ando. the gently flaring long beaker vase decorated with wired tuberose in subtle white to pale green hues with hints of emerald and royal blue on a deep inky g
A pair of Japanese Meiji period fine quality cloisonne vases, the elongated ovoid bodies of rounded square section, trumpet form narrow necks, fine floral decoration of wisteria, iris and other florals on deep purple ground, repeat pattern to the rims, imp
A pair of Japanese cloisonne vases, mid 20th century, the small baluster vases with waisted necks, white metal rims decorated with auspicious red crested cranes amidst coloured naturalistic foliage upon a ink blue black ground, rich green to the interior;
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