Celadon is the colour of a glaze applied to stoneware and porcelain, that in turn, has given its name to the wares to which it has been applied. The technique can be traced back to the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC - 1046 BC) in Southern China. The technique spread other areas of China in the 3rd and 4th century, and later to South Korea, Northern Thailand and Japan. Celadon glazes can be produced in a variety of colors, including white, grey, blue and yellow, depending on the thickness of the applied glaze, the type of clay to which it is applied, and the exact makeup of the glaze. However, the most famous shades range in color from a very pale green to deep intense green, often meaning to mimic the green shades of jade. The color is produced by iron oxide in the glaze recipe or clay body. European potters found it very difficult to attain the sea green colour until the 19th century, following advances in knowledge of chemistry and several factories including Sevres, Copenhagen and Rockwood produced Western versions of the Chinese celadon.
A beautifully potted Chinese celadon water dropper in the shape of a kylin or mythical beast sitting on a fabulous, custom-made carved fruitwood stand. 18th century or earlier. Hairline crack to one back leg. Length 11 cm.
A Chinese Yaozhou celadon bowl, Jin Dynasty, 12th /13th century, carved in the centre, the exterior with vertical lines, 7.7 cm high,18 cm diameter. Provenance: Private NSW Southern Highlands collection
A pair of Cantonese plates and a dish, the pair of plates with floral segmented reserves decorated in the Cantonese manner and a 19th century rectangular dish with birds, insects with auspicious flora in bright enamels upon a deep celadon ground, diameter
A Chinese celadon-glaze tripod censer, Qianlong six-character blue-and-white mark, Republic period, the compressed globular body with two looped handles, the base with an unglazed ring, the reign mark to the central recess against a celadon ground, 8.5 cm
A pair of Chinese moulded yaozhou celadon bowls, 12th century, Northern Song to Jin Dynasty, the slightly rounded flaring sides rising to a lipped rim, decorated on the interior with a crisply moulded design of six scrolling blooms, joined by a slender mea
A Chinese longquan celadon-glaze plate, Yuan or Ming dynasty, moulded with a peony in low relief to the centre, covered overall with a sea-green glaze except for a circle within the foot rim exposing the burnt orange during the firing process, 25 cm diam.
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