Celadon is the colour of a glaze applied to stoneware and porcelain, that in turn, has given its name to the wares to which it has been applied. The technique can be traced back to the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC - 1046 BC) in Southern China. The technique spread other areas of China in the 3rd and 4th century, and later to South Korea, Northern Thailand and Japan. Celadon glazes can be produced in a variety of colors, including white, grey, blue and yellow, depending on the thickness of the applied glaze, the type of clay to which it is applied, and the exact makeup of the glaze. However, the most famous shades range in color from a very pale green to deep intense green, often meaning to mimic the green shades of jade. The color is produced by iron oxide in the glaze recipe or clay body. European potters found it very difficult to attain the sea green colour until the 19th century, following advances in knowledge of chemistry and several factories including Sevres, Copenhagen and Rockwood produced Western versions of the Chinese celadon.
A Chinese celadon charger in the Ming manner, with a gently scalloped rim and an inscribed floral cavetto, with a prancing dragon horse to the centre rendered in low relief between concentric lines, raised upon a small circular unglazed foot. Height 6 cm.
A Chinese inkstone, 20th century, depicting a naturalistic aubergine and utilising the natural purple and celadon hues of the duan stone, the pale green mixing well having a fine silken finish descending to a small purple reservoir, decorated to the end wi
A Chinese glass Guanyin, early 20th century, in celadon coloured glass with gilt highlights, featuring a contemplative Guanyin with downcast eyes her arms folded in robes and standing upon frothing waves; with signature and seal to the reverse. Height 35 c
A 'Longquan' celadon 'twin fish' dish Song dynasty, with shallow rounded sides and broad everted rim, the interior with two fish in relief swimming in opposite directions, the exterior moulded with upright petals, all beneath the sea-green
A large and impressive. Ming-style celadon jar, decorated with carved four-clawed dragons to both sides and mythical beast handles on opposite sides. Ming Dynasty or later in very good condition. Height 40 cm
An Imperial quality Chinese celadon stem dish. Beautifully carved to the exterior with the eight precious emblems, to the base a six-character Qianlong mark and probably of the period. Repair to rim. Diameter 18 cm
A beautifully potted Chinese celadon water dropper in the shape of a kylin or mythical beast sitting on a fabulous, custom-made carved fruitwood stand. 18th century or earlier. Hairline crack to one back leg. Length 11 cm.
A Chinese Yaozhou celadon bowl, Jin Dynasty, 12th /13th century, carved in the centre, the exterior with vertical lines, 7.7 cm high,18 cm diameter. Provenance: Private NSW Southern Highlands collection
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