Strictly speaking, a chandelier is any multi-branch ceiling light. But what we understand in popular usage as a chandelier today - a grand ceiling light fitting with many lights and multiple crystal prisms - is the result of a long evolutionary process of this type of light. Originally made in wood as a cross with spikes on which to fix the candles, they were able to be lowered for lighting, and then hoisted to a suitable height by means of a pulley. From the 15th century they were made in a wider variety of materials including brass, wrought iron, gilded wood and silver. By the 18th century, developments in glassmaking allowed for the introduction of prisms in their manufacture, because of their light scattering properties. An elaborate chandelier was a status symbol of the wealthy in the 18th and 19th century and materials now used included bronze and porcelain. Manufacturers of the crystal prisms included famous names in glassmaking such as Baccarat and Waterford. Prestigious English manufacturers of the time included Parker & Perry, of Fleet Street, F.& C. OSLER of London and Birmingham and Maydwell and Windle.
A Murano Venetian glass four branch chandelier and wall sconce, first half of the 20th century, the arms interspersed with leaves and daffodils, the clear twisted glass stems terminating in pink glass highlighted flowers and shades with gold inclusions, 55
A Murano Venetian glass six branch chandelier, first half of the 20th century, the arms interspersed with leaves and daffodils, the clear twisted glass stems terminating in pink glass highlighted flowers and shades with gold inclusions, 73 cm drop.
A dazzling modernist Murano glass chandelier by Venini, circa 1980, a bold and striking arrangement of half hoop clear glass ribbons arranged in four criss-crossed groups of graduating size and attached to a gold brass boss. Height 80 cm. Diameter 75 cm
A Venetian style glass chandelier, mid 20th century, the delicate chandelier of pear shape coronet form, with a gilt bronze scrolled cage embellished with clear glass daisies and cascades of pendant aqua tear drops
A large Venetian green and clear glass chandelier, comprising five levels of glass drops, electrified and working. Height 125 cm; top diameter 60 cm (approx). Provenance: Purchased High St Armadale, Vic
A large Venetian yellow and clear glass chandelier, comprising four levels of glass drops, electrified and working. Height 110 cm; top diameter 90 cm (approx). Provenance: Purchased High St Armadale, Vic
A vintage Murano glass chandelier, of Art Deco style with four scrolling light branches, flower form sconces, with another eight leaf branches all fitting into a matching flower form base, glass ball attached, long glass column leading to matching flower f
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