Learn about Stools

There are two distinct types of stools. The earliest is the simplest type of seat furniture probably devised by human beings, consisting of a short wooden bench standing either on four legs or sometimes a flat-shaped support at either end. The legs may be square or turned, and in primitive versions simply sticks cut from a tree. Round milking stools usually had only three short legs. The second more sophisticated type of stools, were constructed with a frame joined by mortice and tenon joints. Using this construction method, padded or upholstered stools for use in the drawing room have been made since the 17th century, following the trends in stylistic design over the years.

Learn about Joint Stool or Joined Stool

A broad term used to describe small wooden stools dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, with turned legs and stretchers and constructed with a pegged mortice and tenon joint, and made by a joinder rather than a cabinetmaker.
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A Continental pinned joint oak stool. 45 cm high, 45 cm wide, 34 cm deep.

A vintage oak joint stool of traditional style, the single pegged plank top with thumbnail moulded edge on turned legs with stretcher base. 46 x 30 x 46 cm

Long cedar bench stool, upholstered top, standing on turned legs joined by central stretcher, 60 cm high, 137 cm wide, 41 cm D

A walnut stool in William and Mary style, 19th century, the rectangular, upholstered drop-in seat within carved and moulded frame, on square cabriole legs joined by X-shaped cross stretchers, terminating in scroll feet, 41 cm high, 49 cm wide, 45 cm deep

17th century style oak joint stool demilune carved frieze on baluster legs joined by straight stretchers

A carved and turned oak joint stool, English 17th century, 54 cm high, 52 cm wide, 34 cm deep

A George III style oak joint stool. 57 cm high, 66 cm wide, 40 cm deep

A pair of Spanish Marbella bar stools, c.1965, each stool with a tri-form 'saddle' seat raised on three legs joined by a steel ring stretcher. Height 83 cm

17th century style oak joint stool traditional form with oblong top, tapering legs and plain stretchers

Mid 17th century oak joint/joint stool with square top on fluted baluster legs, block feet joined by plain stretchers

A Dutch 18th century oak joynt stool with plank top on shaped end supports. 49 cm high, 55 cm wide, 25 cm deep.

A late 17th century oak joint stool, circa 1690 the plank top with moulded edge over carved frieze, raised on turned legs united by stretchers 57 cm high. 46 cm wide, 30 cm deep

Georgian oak joint stool, mid 18th century, with slender ballaster turned legs. Pegged joints, 46 by 29 cm, height 45 cm

Georgian oak joint stool with turned cabriole legs, 47 by 27 cm, 58 cm high

A George III oak joined stool raised on turned legs supported by cross stretchers, 46 x 46 x 25

A pair of cross-stretchered stools, the tops with floral embroidered upholstery, raised on turned and tapering faceted legs joined by shaped stretchers above squat bun feet, with silvered finish. Provenance: This pair of stools were purchased from the esta

An Australian cedar and upholstered x-frame stool, circa 1850, the square cushion above a plain cedar frame, raise on conforming x-frames joined by a turned stretcher, 50 cm wide, 50 cm deep, 50 cm high (19.5 wide, 19.5 deep, 19.5 high)

An oak joint stool of traditional form, with turned legs and shaped stretches. Height 53.5 cm. Width 45 cm. Depth 26 cm

A turned oak joint stool, 17th century 57 x 43 x 29 cm

A French early 19th century Empire mahogany 'X'-frame stool, the square cushioned seat on scrolling 'X'-frame supports, joined by a baluster turned foliate carved stretcher, on paw feet, with yellow-ground silk cover, 48 cm wide, 48 cm deep, 48 cm high .

A Charles II oak joined stool, late 17th century, rectangular top above baluster shaped legs and stretcher

An oak joined stool, and later, the rectangular top above elongated baluster shaped legs and stretcher base

A pair of Charles II style walnut stools, the rectangular tapestry style seats on 'Os de mouton' legs joined by similar stretchers with central flowerheads. Width 55 cm. Depth 45 cm. Height 43 cm

An oak joined stool, 19th century the pale oak top above ring turned supports and moulded stretchers. Width 46 cm. Depth 26.5 cm. Height 44 cm

A good oak joint stool, English 17th century, 25 x 48 x 55 cm

A 17th century style English oak joined stool the square shaped upholstered top raised on turned legspaper label James bourlet & Sons Ltd, Nassau Street and Mortimer Street West Sotheby's, Melbourne, 31 October 2007, lot 54

Two oak joint stools, 18th century, good patination with a later stretcher, 44 cm long, 49.5 cm high

A late Victorian period oak floral carved small stool dark stained supported on four turned legs, the two side stretchers joined by a turned central stretcher. Width 30 cm. Depth 19.5 cm. Height 17.8 cm