There are two distinct types of stools. The earliest is the simplest type of seat furniture probably devised by human beings, consisting of a short wooden bench standing either on four legs or sometimes a flat-shaped support at either end. The legs may be square or turned, and in primitive versions simply sticks cut from a tree. Round milking stools usually had only three short legs. The second more sophisticated type of stools, were constructed with a frame joined by mortice and tenon joints. Using this construction method, padded or upholstered stools for use in the drawing room have been made since the 17th century, following the trends in stylistic design over the years.
Learn about Joint Stool or Joined Stool
A broad term used to describe small wooden stools dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, with turned legs and stretchers and constructed with a pegged mortice and tenon joint, and made by a joinder rather than a cabinetmaker.
A walnut stool in William and Mary style, 19th century, the rectangular, upholstered drop-in seat within carved and moulded frame, on square cabriole legs joined by X-shaped cross stretchers, terminating in scroll feet, 41 cm high, 49 cm wide, 45 cm deep
A pair of cross-stretchered stools, the tops with floral embroidered upholstery, raised on turned and tapering faceted legs joined by shaped stretchers above squat bun feet, with silvered finish. Provenance: This pair of stools were purchased from the esta
An Australian cedar and upholstered x-frame stool, circa 1850, the square cushion above a plain cedar frame, raise on conforming x-frames joined by a turned stretcher, 50 cm wide, 50 cm deep, 50 cm high (19.5 wide, 19.5 deep, 19.5 high)
A French early 19th century Empire mahogany 'X'-frame stool, the square cushioned seat on scrolling 'X'-frame supports, joined by a baluster turned foliate carved stretcher, on paw feet, with yellow-ground silk cover, 48 cm wide, 48 cm deep, 48 cm high .
A 17th century style English oak joined stool the square shaped upholstered top raised on turned legspaper label James bourlet & Sons Ltd, Nassau Street and Mortimer Street West Sotheby's, Melbourne, 31 October 2007, lot 54
A late Victorian period oak floral carved small stool dark stained supported on four turned legs, the two side stretchers joined by a turned central stretcher. Width 30 cm. Depth 19.5 cm. Height 17.8 cm
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