Learn about Windsor Chair

The Windsor chair, the prototype of most stick or spindle chairs, has been made since the 17th century and is probably the strongest, most enduring and most influential of all the wooden cottage chairs.

With the spread of the British Empire, the Windsor chair has been taken in all its diverse forms to every corner of the English-speaking world. In Britain, these chairs have traditionally been manufactured in the High Wycombe area of Buckinghamshire, hence the alternative name 'High Wycombe chairs'. The derivation of the name Windsor is uncertain and suggestions that it was bestowed by George III, who ordered some, have been largely dismissed.

Loudon, in his Encyclopedia describes Windsor chairs as 'one of the best kitchen chairs in general use in the midland counties of England' and his general description is still one of the most succinct:

The seats are usually of elm, somewhat hollowed out; the outer rail of the back is a single piece of ash, bent to a horseshoe form by being previously heated or steamed. Its ends are then inserted into two holes bored though the seat and are wedged firmly in from the underside. more...
These items are not for sale and the descriptions, images and prices are for reference purposes only.

An ash and elm Windsor armchair, English, 1st half of the19th century, 100 cm high, 57 cm wide, 57 cm deep

An ash and elm Windsor armchair, English, 1st half of the19th century, 100 cm high, 57 cm wide, 57 cm deep

An ash and elm Windsor armchair, English, 1st half of the19th century, 100 cm high, 57 cm wide, 57 cm deep

Two early 19th century elm Windsor chairs, having a tiered hoop and spindle back with a pierced central splat, above a contoured seat, raised on turned legs, united by cross stretcher

Two ash and elm spindle back Windsor chairs, English, circa 1800

A Jimmy Possum chair, Tasmania, circa 1895, of typical construction from Australian Eucalypt, with a spindle back and slab seat, the legs jointed through to form the arm rests, 62 cm wide, x 45 cm deep x, 112 cm high. Provenance: Private Collection Melbour

An elm and ash Windsor armchair, English, late 18th / early 19th century. 111 cm high, 48 cm wide and 46 cm deep. Provenance: Private Collection, Melbourne

A 19th century elm Windsor chair, having a tiered hoop and spindle back with a pierced central splat, above a contoured seat, raised on turned legs United by cross stretchers

An early 19th century country Windsor wheelback armchair, hooped top rail with decorative fret carved splats, plain spindles and arms with turned supports, turned legs, plain rails

A 19th century elm Windsor chair, having a tiered hoop and spindle back with a pierced central splat, above a contoured seat, raised on turned legs United by cross stretchers.

A fruitwood and ash Windsor armchair, English, 19th century 105 cm high, 57 cm wide

A late 18th century ash and elm Windsor armchair, with comb back and broad seat, reduced in height

A 19th century elm Windsor chair, having a tiered hoop and spindle back with a pierced central splat, above a contoured seat, raised on turned legs United by cross stretchers

A 19th century ash and elm primitive comb back Windsor chair, the bowed top rail above a spindle back, bowed arms and block seat, on splayed legs

An early 20th century ash and elm Windsor style chair 56 cm wide 43 cm deep 79 cm high

Hooped back windsor arm chair in elm, with pierced beech wood back slats, and turned legs and stretcher rails

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